OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Clintonia umbellulata   FAMILY Liliaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Clintonia umbellulata   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Clintonia umbellulata

INCLUDING Maryland Natural Heritage Program (2019)
Clintonia alleghaniensis

INCLUDING Maryland Natural Heritage Program (2019)
Clintonia umbellulata

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 041-05-002:
Clintonia umbellulata   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Xeniatrum umbellulatum

 

COMMON NAME:
Speckled Wood-lily, White Clintonia


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Clintonia umbellulata, Speckled Wood-lily, White Clintonia

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_clum2_001_lvd

        

image of Clintonia umbellulata, Speckled Wood-lily, White Clintonia

Keith Bradley    kab_c_umbellulata_02880

April    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

image of Clintonia umbellulata, Speckled Wood-lily, White Clintonia

Keith Bradley    kab_c_umbellulata_02883

April    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

image of Clintonia umbellulata, Speckled Wood-lily, White Clintonia

Steve Marlow    snm_p4210226e

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Leaves have ciliate, or hairy, leaf margins, per Wild Flowers of NC, 2nd edition.

image of Clintonia umbellulata, Speckled Wood-lily, White Clintonia

JK Marlow    jkm0205k_18

May    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

image of Clintonia umbellulata, Speckled Wood-lily, White Clintonia

JK Marlow    jkm0305c_12

May    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

This and C. borealis have leathery leaves with strongly depressed midveins, per Wild Flowers of NC, 1st edition.

image of Clintonia umbellulata, Speckled Wood-lily, White Clintonia

JK Marlow    jkm0405j_36

May    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Clintonia umbellulata, Speckled Wood-lily, White Clintonia

JK Marlow    jkm0505m_02

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Clintonia umbellulata, Speckled Wood-lily, White Clintonia

JK Marlow    jkm0505m_03

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Flowers in terminal, umbel-like clusters, per Flora of North America.

image of Clintonia umbellulata, Speckled Wood-lily, White Clintonia

JK Marlow    jkm060508_004

May    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

Clintonia umbellulata on the left; on the right is Veratrum parviflorum

image of Clintonia umbellulata, Speckled Wood-lily, White Clintonia

JK Marlow    jkm080504_077

May    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Clintonia umbellulata, Speckled Wood-lily, White Clintonia

Keith Bradley    kab_c_umbellulata_8068

May    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Clintonia umbellulata, Speckled Wood-lily, White Clintonia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_clintonia_umbellulata

May        

Erect white flowers are usually purple-dotted, per Newcomb's Wildflower Guide.

image of Clintonia umbellulata, Speckled Wood-lily, White Clintonia

Sam Pratt    sbp_060321_0350

June    Yancey County    NC

image of Clintonia umbellulata, Speckled Wood-lily, White Clintonia

JK Marlow    jkm080726_076

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Fruits: Ellipsoid, blackish berries, about 0.3" long, in an umbel, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Clintonia umbellulata, Speckled Wood-lily, White Clintonia

JK Marlow    jkm080726_080

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Clintonia umbellulata, Speckled Wood-lily, White Clintonia

Ron Lance    rwl349_a

September        

Berry blue or black, 6-8mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Clintonia umbellulata   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Clintonia umbellulata   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Clintonia umbellulata

INCLUDING Maryland Natural Heritage Program (2019)
Clintonia alleghaniensis

INCLUDING Maryland Natural Heritage Program (2019)
Clintonia umbellulata

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 041-05-002:
Clintonia umbellulata   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Xeniatrum umbellulatum

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

349

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Common in NC Mountains, uncommon in Mountains of GA & SC

Habitat: Red oak and other oak forests, mesic to dry ridges and slopes, less commonly in northern hardwood forests, generally at lower elevations than C. borealis, though the two species can co-occur, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Simple
Basal

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
6 caducous tepals
Superior ovary

Flowers in terminal umbel-like clusters

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Blue/Black
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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