OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Malvids: Myrtales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Circaea canadensis   FAMILY Onagraceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis   FAMILY Onagraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
Circaea canadensis

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 137-05-001:
Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis   FAMILY Onagraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Circaea quadrisulcata var. canadensis

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Circaea latifolia

 

COMMON NAME:
Canada Enchanter's Nightshade


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Circaea canadensis, Canada Enchanter's Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm200422_4055

April    Greenville County    SC

Leaves long-stalked, ovate, shallowly and irregularly toothed, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Circaea canadensis, Canada Enchanter's Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm0507o_09

July    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Flowers usually well-spaced on terminal racemes, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Circaea canadensis, Canada Enchanter's Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm160702_139b

July    Jackson County    NC

Two deeply notched petals, one of only a few plants with 2-petaled flowers, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Circaea canadensis, Canada Enchanter's Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm190801_0394

August    Buncombe County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Circaea canadensis, Canada Enchanter's Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm190801_0396

August    Buncombe County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Circaea canadensis, Canada Enchanter's Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm190801_0396b

August    Buncombe County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Fruit uncinate-bristly [the bristles have hooks at their tips], per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Circaea canadensis, Canada Enchanter's Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm190801_0397

August    Buncombe County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Circaea canadensis, Canada Enchanter's Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm210824_3004

August    Greenville County    SC

Leaves irregularly toothed, per Wildflowers of the Atlantic Southeast.

image of Circaea canadensis, Canada Enchanter's Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm210824_3005

August    Greenville County    SC

image of Circaea canadensis, Canada Enchanter's Nightshade

Sam Pratt    sbp080822_0925

August    Rutherford County    NC

Pearson's Falls

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Circaea canadensis   FAMILY Onagraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis   FAMILY Onagraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
Circaea canadensis

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 137-05-001:
Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis   FAMILY Onagraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Circaea quadrisulcata var. canadensis

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Circaea latifolia

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

331

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Common in Mountains of GA & NC, uncommon in SC Mtns & NC Coastal Plain (rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC)

Habitat: Mesic, nutrient-rich forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite
Leaves have long petioles.

FLOWER:
Summer
White
2-merous
2 sepals
2 petals
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer
Nut-like

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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