OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Malvids: Myrtales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/14/23):
Circaea canadensis   FAMILY Onagraceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis   FAMILY Onagraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America north of Mexico, vol. 10 (2021)

Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis

SYNONYMOUS WITH Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)

Circaea canadensis

SYNONYMOUS WITH Floristic Synthesis of North America (Kartesz, 1999)

Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 137-05-001:

Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis   FAMILY Onagraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)

Circaea quadrisulcata var. canadensis

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)

Circaea latifolia

 

COMMON NAME:
Canada Enchanter's Nightshade


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Circaea canadensis, Canada Enchanter's Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm200422_4055

April    Greenville County    SC

Tall Pines Wildlife Management Area

Leaves long-stalked, ovate, shallowly and irregularly toothed, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians (Horn, Cathcart, Hemmerly, & Duhl, 2005).

image of Circaea canadensis, Canada Enchanter's Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm0507o_09

July    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Flowers usually well-spaced on terminal racemes, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians (Horn, Cathcart, Hemmerly, & Duhl, 2005).

image of Circaea canadensis, Canada Enchanter's Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm160702_139b

July    Jackson County    NC

Two deeply notched petals, one of only a few plants with 2-petaled flowers, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians (Horn, Cathcart, Hemmerly, & Duhl, 2005).

image of Circaea canadensis, Canada Enchanter's Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm190801_0394

August    Buncombe County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Circaea canadensis, Canada Enchanter's Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm190801_0396

August    Buncombe County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Circaea canadensis, Canada Enchanter's Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm190801_0396b

August    Buncombe County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Fruit uncinate-bristly [the bristles have hooks at their tips], per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968).

image of Circaea canadensis, Canada Enchanter's Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm190801_0397

August    Buncombe County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Circaea canadensis, Canada Enchanter's Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm210824_3004

August    Greenville County    SC

Tall Pines Wildlife Management Area

Leaves irregularly toothed, per Wildflowers of the Atlantic Southeast (Cotterman, Waitt, & Weakley, 2019).

image of Circaea canadensis, Canada Enchanter's Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm210824_3005

August    Greenville County    SC

Tall Pines Wildlife Management Area

image of Circaea canadensis, Canada Enchanter's Nightshade

Sam Pratt    sbp080822_0925

August    Rutherford County    NC

Pearson's Falls

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/14/23):
Circaea canadensis   FAMILY Onagraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis   FAMILY Onagraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America north of Mexico, vol. 10
Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis

SYNONYMOUS WITH Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
Circaea canadensis

SYNONYMOUS WITH Floristic Synthesis of North America (Kartesz, 1999)
Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 137-05-001:
Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis   FAMILY Onagraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Circaea quadrisulcata var. canadensis

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Circaea latifolia

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

331

Forb
Perennial

Habitat: Mesic, nutrient-rich forests, per Weakley's Flora

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Common in Mountains of GA & NC, uncommon in SC Mountains & NC Coastal Plain (rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC)

map
CLICK HERE to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite
Leaves have long petioles.

FLOWER:
Summer
White
2-merous
2 sepals
2 petals
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer
Nut-like

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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