Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1654

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Coastal Plain of GA & SC)

Look for it in dry rocky or sandy forests, woodlands, glades, and roadbanks, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Plant acaulescent (without aerial stems)
Leaves glabrous

FLOWER:
Spring
Blue-violet
Bilaterally symmetrical
Petals beardless
5 sepals
5 petals
5 exserted stamens

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Viola pedata var. pedata   FAMILY Violaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola pedata   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Viola (Ballard [in prep])
Viola pedata

SYNONYMOUS WITH Violaceae of the Southeastern US (McKinney & Russell, 2002)
Viola pedata var. pedata

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 130-02-001:
Viola pedata   FAMILY Violaceae

INCLUDING Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Viola pedata var. lineariloba

INCLUDING Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Viola pedata var. pedata

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Viola pedata

 

COMMON NAME:
Birdsfoot Violet


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Viola pedata var. pedata, Birdsfoot Violet

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_vipe_001_lvd

        

image of Viola pedata var. pedata, Birdsfoot Violet

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvpedata_point1

March        

Petals beardless, or the spurred petal very short pubescent, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola pedata var. pedata, Birdsfoot Violet

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu25310b

April    Pickens County    SC

image of Viola pedata var. pedata, Birdsfoot Violet

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu53170b

April    Rabun County    GA

image of Viola pedata var. pedata, Birdsfoot Violet

Harry Davis    hld1654_bir_0001

April    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

All the petals in one plane, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola pedata var. pedata, Birdsfoot Violet

JK Marlow    jkm060429_250

April    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

Stamen appendages brilliant orange, conspicuous in flower center, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola pedata var. pedata, Birdsfoot Violet

JK Marlow    jkm060429_252

April    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

Some authorities call the solid color form ("concolor") var. lineariloba.

image of Viola pedata var. pedata, Birdsfoot Violet

JK Marlow    jkm110417_937

April    Cleburne County    AL

Mount Cheaha

The "bicolor" color form: upper petals a deep red-purple.

image of Viola pedata var. pedata, Birdsfoot Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210408_9319

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Viola pedata var. pedata, Birdsfoot Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210408_9320

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Viola pedata var. pedata, Birdsfoot Violet

Keith Bradley    kab_viola_pedata_1472

April    Polk County    NC

image of Viola pedata var. pedata, Birdsfoot Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210507_9977

May    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

Calyx glabrous, ciliate; auricles prominent, entire, not elongating in fruit, per Violets (Violaceae) of the Great Plains and Eastern North America.

image of Viola pedata var. pedata, Birdsfoot Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210507_9979

May    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Viola pedata var. pedata, Birdsfoot Violet

JK Marlow    jkm190726_0277

July    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

Leaves basal, long-stalked, the 3-parted lateral segments 3-5 cleft, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Viola pedata var. pedata, Birdsfoot Violet

Ben Geer Keys    bgk1654_a

Month Unknown        

Unique in that the orange tips of the stamens protrude conspicuously, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.