Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1651

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in drier to dry sandy, sandy loam in dry oak and oak-pine woods and dry to dry-mesic savannas and closed forests, on slopes and bluffs., per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Plant acaulescent (without aerial stems)
Margins crenate
Leaf blade underside and petiole moderately to densely pubescent

FLOWER:
Spring
Violet
Bilaterally symmetrical
Lateral petals bearded
5 sepals
5 petals
5 included stamens

FRUIT:
Spring
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Viola palmata var. palmata   FAMILY Violaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN (PRO SP.) PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola ×palmata [brittoniana or pedatifida × affinis or sororia]   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Viola (Ballard [in prep])
Viola palmata var. palmata

INCLUDED WITHIN Flora of North America
Viola palmata var. palmata

SYNONYMOUS WITH Violaceae of the Southeastern US (McKinney & Russell, 2002)
Viola palmata

INCLUDING VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 130-02-005a:
Viola palmata var. palmata   FAMILY Violaceae

INCLUDING & INCLUDED WITHIN Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Viola palmata

INCLUDING Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Viola triloba var. triloba

INCLUDING & INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Viola palmata

(?) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Viola triloba

 

COMMON NAME:
Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Viola palmata var. palmata, Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_vipa3_001_lvd

        

image of Viola palmata var. palmata, Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet

JK Marlow    jkm070324_040

March    Greenville County    SC

image of Viola palmata var. palmata, Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet

JK Marlow    jkm070324_041

March    Greenville County    SC

Leaves heterophyllous, only mid-season leaves cleft, parted, or divided, per Violaceae of the Southeastern US. Castanea (McKinney & Russell, 2002).

image of Viola palmata var. palmata, Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_viola_palmata

March        

image of Viola palmata var. palmata, Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu10124

April    Elbert County    GA

image of Viola palmata var. palmata, Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu10256

April    Elbert County    GA

image of Viola palmata var. palmata, Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet

JK Marlow    jkm0304e_21

April    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

Leaves deeply lobed or dissected; unlobed cordate leaves also present, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Viola palmata var. palmata, Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet

JK Marlow    jkm090412_144

April    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

image of Viola palmata var. palmata, Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet

JK Marlow    jkm100422_010

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Viola palmata var. palmata, Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet

JK Marlow    jkm100422_022

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Viola palmata var. palmata, Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet

JK Marlow    jkm100422_118

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Viola palmata var. palmata, Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet

JK Marlow    jkm150412_301

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Viola palmata var. palmata, Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet

JK Marlow    jkm190412_7222

April    Rabun County    GA

image of Viola palmata var. palmata, Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet

JK Marlow    jkm200411_3680

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Viola palmata var. palmata, Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet

JK Marlow    jkm200411_3693

April    Greenville County    SC

Flowers variable: blue-violet, streaked violet and white, to solid white, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Viola palmata var. palmata, Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet

JK Marlow    jkm200411_3694

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Viola palmata var. palmata, Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet

JK Marlow    jkm200411_3698

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Viola palmata var. palmata, Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet

JK Marlow    jkm200425_4137

April    Greenville County    SC

Glassy Mountain Heritage Preserve

Margins of mid-season leaf blades usually ciliate, per Flora of North America.

image of Viola palmata var. palmata, Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_viola_palmata_4

April        

Sepals 6-10mm long, acute to obtuse, glabrous to ciliate, auricles 0.5-1mm, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola palmata var. palmata, Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet

JK Marlow    jkm120526_647

May    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Viola palmata var. palmata, Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet

JK Marlow    jkm190604_8869

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Viola palmata var. palmata, Wood Violet, Early Blue Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet, Southern Three-lobed Violet

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmv_palmata

Month Unknown