OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Apiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (11/30/12):
Panax quinquefolius   FAMILY Araliaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Panax quinquefolius   FAMILY Araliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 139-02-002:
Panax quinquefolium   FAMILY Araliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
American Ginseng, Sang


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Panax quinquefolius, American Ginseng, Sang

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_paqu_001_lvd

        

image of Panax quinquefolius, American Ginseng, Sang

JK Marlow    jkm090425_035

April    Pickens County    SC

A young plant.

image of Panax quinquefolius, American Ginseng, Sang

JK Marlow    jkm150412_290

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Each leaf is divided into 5 stalked obovate leaflets, the basal pair smaller, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Panax quinquefolius, American Ginseng, Sang

JK Marlow    jkm200505_4640

May    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Panax quinquefolius, American Ginseng, Sang

JK Marlow    jkm200505_4641

May    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Panax quinquefolius, American Ginseng, Sang

JK Marlow    jkm200505_4642

May    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Panax quinquefolius, American Ginseng, Sang

Diane Creaton    dmc_03337

July    Jackson County    NC

image of Panax quinquefolius, American Ginseng, Sang

JK Marlow    jkm100730_165

July    Jackson County    NC

image of Panax quinquefolius, American Ginseng, Sang

JK Marlow    jkm160702_147

July    Jackson County    NC

Slow-growing but long-lived, with a potential life expectancy of ~ 60 years, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Panax quinquefolius, American Ginseng, Sang

JK Marlow    jkm170818_672

August    Jackson County    NC

image of Panax quinquefolius, American Ginseng, Sang

JK Marlow    jkm180828_4338

August    Jackson County    NC

Berry-like drupes develop in late summer, ripening to crimson-red, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Panax quinquefolius, American Ginseng, Sang

JK Marlow    jkm180828_4340

August    Jackson County    NC

image of Panax quinquefolius, American Ginseng, Sang

JK Marlow    jkm220927_0060

September    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

image of Panax quinquefolius, American Ginseng, Sang

JK Marlow    s071018_a

October    Anderson County    SC

Clemson Forest

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (11/30/12):
Panax quinquefolius   FAMILY Araliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Panax quinquefolius   FAMILY Araliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 139-02-002:
Panax quinquefolium   FAMILY Araliaceae

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

1012

Forb
Perennial
Polygamo-dioecious [mostly dioecious, but with some bisexual flowers]

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Habitat: cove forests, mesic hardwood forests, generally in nutrient-rich forests though tending to avoid the richest coves, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Palmately compound
Whorled

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White/Greenish-white
Sepals obsolete or minute
5 petals
Inferior ovary

Inflorescence a terminal solitary umbel, usually below the leaves

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Red
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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