Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
You may find it helpful to read Lespedeza Species in the Carolinas by Bill Stringer.
Check out EDDMapS.org to see where this has been reported.
Learn more about Kummerowia from the Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
SYNONYMOUS WITH Native & naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the US (Isely, 1998)
SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 098-27-002:
Lespedeza striata FAMILY Fabaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Japanese-clover, Common Lespedeza, Annual Lespedeza
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
JK Marlow s050604_a
June Greenville County SC
Mid-stem leaves have petioles 1-2(-4)mm long, per Weakley's Flora.
JK Marlow jkm120826_012
August Greenville County SC
The leaflets of Kummerowia have striate, parallel lateral veins, per Weakley's Flora.
COMPARE leaves that are trifoliolate and palmately compound
JK Marlow jkm190825_0927
August Transylvania County NC
DuPont State Forest
Flowers solitary or 2-5 in spikelike axillary racemes, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968).
Roxanna Martin rlm82010_116
August Spartanburg County SC
Stipules narrowly ovate-lanceolate, those of the principal leaves 3-6mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968).
Roxanna Martin rlm8710_370
August Spartanburg County SC
Leaflets inconspicuously appressed-ciliate, not emarginate, per Weakley's Flora (2012).
Native & naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the US (Isely, 1998)
Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Habitat: Fields, roadsides, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora
Non-native: east Asia
CLICK HERE to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.
Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)
This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:
- Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
- Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
- Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009
Palmately compound: 3 leaflets
Stipules are persistent.
5-parted papilionaceous corolla
10 stamens, diadelphous, 9 and 1
Flowers solitary or 2-5 in spikelike axillary racemes
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!
- Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses (Miller & Miller, 2005) p110
- Wildflowers of the Atlantic Southeast (Cotterman, Waitt, & Weakley, 2019) p338
- Field Guide to the Wildflowers of Georgia (Chafin, 2016) p195
- Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains (Smith, 1998) p083
- Weeds of Southern Turfgrasses (Murphy et al., 1992) p139
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Less is more: If "pencil flower" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "pencil".
Or try alternate spellings: If "wooly" doesn't work, try "woolly" or just "wool".