OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Aquifoliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Ilex glabra   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae   Go to FSUS key



SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Ilex glabra   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Trees, Shrubs, Woody Vines of north Florida & adjacent GA & AL (Godfrey, 1988)

Ilex glabra

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 112-01-009:

Ilex glabra   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)

Ilex glabra

 

COMMON NAME:
Inkberry, Bitter Gallberry, Little Gallberry


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Ilex glabra, Inkberry, Bitter Gallberry, Little Gallberry

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_ilgl_001_lvd

        

image of Ilex glabra, Inkberry, Bitter Gallberry, Little Gallberry

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_ilgl_005_lvd

        

image of Ilex glabra, Inkberry, Bitter Gallberry, Little Gallberry

JK Marlow    jkm130406_876

April    Richmond County    GA

Fort Gordon

Leaves 3-4x long as wide, crenate in the apical 1/2 to 1/3 (or rarely entire), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Ilex glabra, Inkberry, Bitter Gallberry, Little Gallberry

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmiglabra_srec

May    Richland County    SC

Sandhills Recreation Center

Female flowers mostly solitary, male in small clusters, on separate plants, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses (Miller & Miller, 2005).

image of Ilex glabra, Inkberry, Bitter Gallberry, Little Gallberry

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmiglabra_fb1

May-June        

Leaves elliptic with a tapering base, leathery, lustrous yellow-green above, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses (Miller & Miller, 2005).

image of Ilex glabra, Inkberry, Bitter Gallberry, Little Gallberry

JK Marlow    jkm081009_069

October    Dorchester County    SC

image of Ilex glabra, Inkberry, Bitter Gallberry, Little Gallberry

JK Marlow    jkm161001_750

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

Fruit a dry drupe, solitary in axils, 5-7mm wide, green maturing to black, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses (Miller & Miller, 2005).

image of Ilex glabra, Inkberry, Bitter Gallberry, Little Gallberry

Will Stuart    wil_10526945776

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

image of Ilex glabra, Inkberry, Bitter Gallberry, Little Gallberry

Sharleen Johnson    shj_478643897509901

December    Charleston County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

Leaves generally about 1cm wide (almost never > 2cm wide), per Weakley's Flora (2022).

image of Ilex glabra, Inkberry, Bitter Gallberry, Little Gallberry

Sharleen Johnson    shj_851986956124833

December    Charleston County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

 

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Ilex glabra   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Ilex glabra   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Trees, Shrubs, Woody Vines of north Florida & adjacent GA & AL (Godfrey, 1988)
Ilex glabra

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 112-01-009:
Ilex glabra   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Ilex glabra

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

739

Shrub
Perennial
Usually dioecious

Habitat: Savannas, pine flatwoods, pocosin margins, swamps, primarily in wetlands, but extending upslope even into sandhills, with a clay lens or spodic horizon below to maintain additional moisture, per Weakley's Flora

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Piedmont)

map
CLICK HERE to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White/Greenish-white
5-7 merous
5-7 sepals
5-7 petals
Usually unisexual

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Black
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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