OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Rosales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/14/23):
Elaeagnus umbellata   FAMILY Elaeagnaceae   Go to FSUS key



INCLUDING PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia   FAMILY Elaeagnaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America north of Mexico, vol. 10 (2021)

Elaeagnus umbellata

SYNONYMOUS WITH Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)

Elaeagnus umbellata

INCLUDING Floristic Synthesis of North America (Kartesz, 1999)

Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 134-01-002:

Elaeagnus umbellata   FAMILY Elaeagnaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)

Elaeagnus umbellatus

 

COMMON NAME:
Autumn-olive, Spring Silverberry, Oriental Silverleaf


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Elaeagnus umbellata, Autumn-olive, Spring Silverberry, Oriental Silverleaf

JK Marlow    jkm120330_183

March    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

A noxious weed shrub, sadly still sometimes promoted for "wildlife plantings", per Weakley's Flora.

image of Elaeagnus umbellata, Autumn-olive, Spring Silverberry, Oriental Silverleaf

JK Marlow    jkm120330_183b

March    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Calyx tube is slender and longer than the lobes, per Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast (Foote & Jones, 1989).

image of Elaeagnus umbellata, Autumn-olive, Spring Silverberry, Oriental Silverleaf

JK Marlow    jkm120330_184

March    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Leaf blade adaxially sparsely scaly when young, per Flora of China.

image of Elaeagnus umbellata, Autumn-olive, Spring Silverberry, Oriental Silverleaf

JK Marlow    jkm080426_009

April    Greenville County    SC

The peltate scales of leaf lower surface uniformly silver, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968).


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Elaeagnus species

image of Elaeagnus umbellata, Autumn-olive, Spring Silverberry, Oriental Silverleaf

JK Marlow    jkm160402_007

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Elaeagnus umbellata, Autumn-olive, Spring Silverberry, Oriental Silverleaf

JK Marlow    jkm160402_008

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Elaeagnus umbellata, Autumn-olive, Spring Silverberry, Oriental Silverleaf

JK Marlow    jkm160403_235

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Elaeagnus umbellata, Autumn-olive, Spring Silverberry, Oriental Silverleaf

JK Marlow    jkm160403_237

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Elaeagnus umbellata, Autumn-olive, Spring Silverberry, Oriental Silverleaf

JK Marlow    jkm190406_7078

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Elaeagnus umbellata, Autumn-olive, Spring Silverberry, Oriental Silverleaf

JK Marlow    jkm190408_7151

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Elaeagnus umbellata, Autumn-olive, Spring Silverberry, Oriental Silverleaf

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmeumbellata_leefalls

April-May?    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

image of Elaeagnus umbellata, Autumn-olive, Spring Silverberry, Oriental Silverleaf

JK Marlow    jkm140525_215

May    Henderson County    NC

image of Elaeagnus umbellata, Autumn-olive, Spring Silverberry, Oriental Silverleaf

JK Marlow    jkm140718_981

July    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Elaeagnus umbellata, Autumn-olive, Spring Silverberry, Oriental Silverleaf

JK Marlow    jkm140718_983

July    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Elaeagnus umbellata, Autumn-olive, Spring Silverberry, Oriental Silverleaf

JK Marlow    jkm210819_2952

August    Greenville County    SC

image of Elaeagnus umbellata, Autumn-olive, Spring Silverberry, Oriental Silverleaf

JK Marlow    jkm081019_009

October    Oconee County    SC

Bad Creek

Fruiting in the fall, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Elaeagnus umbellata, Autumn-olive, Spring Silverberry, Oriental Silverleaf

JK Marlow    jkm081019_009b

October    Oconee County    SC

Bad Creek

Fruits are borne in great numbers on 1/4" stalks & appear to encircle stem, per Manual of Woody Landscape Plants (Dirr, 1975+).

image of Elaeagnus umbellata, Autumn-olive, Spring Silverberry, Oriental Silverleaf

JK Marlow    jkm081019_009c

October    Oconee County    SC

Bad Creek

Round red juicy drupe, finely dotted with silver/silvery-brown scales, per Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests (Miller, 2003).


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruit of Elaeagnus species

image of Elaeagnus umbellata, Autumn-olive, Spring Silverberry, Oriental Silverleaf

JK Marlow    jkm081019_010

October    Oconee County    SC

Bad Creek

 

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/14/23):
Elaeagnus umbellata   FAMILY Elaeagnaceae

INCLUDING PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia   FAMILY Elaeagnaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America north of Mexico, vol. 10
Elaeagnus umbellata

SYNONYMOUS WITH Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
Elaeagnus umbellata

INCLUDING Floristic Synthesis of North America (Kartesz, 1999)
Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 134-01-002:
Elaeagnus umbellata   FAMILY Elaeagnaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Elaeagnus umbellatus

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

506

Shrub
Perennial

Habitat: forests and woodlands, old pastures, fields, waste areas, spread by birds, per Weakley's Flora

Non-native: China & Japan

Common (rare in Coastal Plain)

map
CLICK HERE to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)


INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

 

IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Armed with spinose spur shoots

LEAVES:
Deciduous/Semi-persistant
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Silvery-white/Yellow
Radially symmetrical
4-merous
4-lobed salverform calyx
Petals absent
4 inserted stamens
Superior ovary (hypanthium fleshy & persistent, thus ovary appearing inferior)
Bisexual

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Reddish-brown/Pinkish
Drupe-like

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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