Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


401

Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (sometimes locally abundant) (widely cultivated & perhaps naturalizing)

Look for it in upland forests, floodplain forests, pastures, thickets, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Moist ...Variable

IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Armed with nodal thorns usually 3-5cm long

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate
Petioles 1/4-3/4 length of blade, eglandular

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White
Radially symmetrical
5-lobed calyx
5 petals
15-20 stamens (anthers white, yellow or rose)
Inferior ovary

Inflorescences of 5-20 flowers

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Bright red, lustrous
Pome

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Rosales
Series: Cordatae

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Crataegus phaenopyrum   FAMILY Rosaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Crataegus phaenopyrum   FAMILY Rosaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Crataegus phaenopyrum

SYNONYMOUS WITH Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US (Lance, 2014)
Crataegus phaenopyrum

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 097-20-012:
Crataegus phaenopyrum   FAMILY Rosaceae

INCLUDING Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950)
Crataegus youngii

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Crataegus phaenopyrum

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Crataegus populifolia

 

COMMON NAME:
Washington Hawthorn, Virginia Hawthorn


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Crataegus phaenopyrum, Washington Hawthorn, Virginia Hawthorn

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_crph_001_lvd

        

image of Crataegus phaenopyrum, Washington Hawthorn, Virginia Hawthorn

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / US Forest Service    pnd_crph_005_lhp

        

image of Crataegus phaenopyrum, Washington Hawthorn, Virginia Hawthorn

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_crph_007_lvd

        

image of Crataegus phaenopyrum, Washington Hawthorn, Virginia Hawthorn

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_crpo10_001_lvd

        

Crataegus populifolia

image of Crataegus phaenopyrum, Washington Hawthorn, Virginia Hawthorn

Sam Pratt    sbp_dscf3688

March    Spartanburg County    SC

In cultivation

Thorns slender to moderately stout, 2-5cm, per Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US.

image of Crataegus phaenopyrum, Washington Hawthorn, Virginia Hawthorn

Ron Lance    rwlcphaenopyrum_1

May    Henderson County    NC

Flowering in late May, after leaves are fully grown, per Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US.

image of Crataegus phaenopyrum, Washington Hawthorn, Virginia Hawthorn

JK Marlow    jkm160827_715

August    Henderson County    NC

Bearwallow Mountain

image of Crataegus phaenopyrum, Washington Hawthorn, Virginia Hawthorn

Ron Lance    rwlcphaenopyrum_2

September-October    Henderson County    NC

Leaves widest below middle, glabrous, veins running to lobes and sinuses, per Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US.

image of Crataegus phaenopyrum, Washington Hawthorn, Virginia Hawthorn

JK Marlow    jkm0310h_03

October    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Crataegus phaenopyrum, Washington Hawthorn, Virginia Hawthorn

Sam Pratt    sbp_102421_1033

October    Spartanburg County    SC

in cultivation

image of Crataegus phaenopyrum, Washington Hawthorn, Virginia Hawthorn

Sam Pratt    sbp_102421_1037

October    Spartanburg County    SC

in cultivation

Fruit subglobose, 4-7mm wide, bright red. Calyx collar sessile and open, per Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US.

image of Crataegus phaenopyrum, Washington Hawthorn, Virginia Hawthorn

JK Marlow    jkm0511b_31

November    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Crataegus phaenopyrum, Washington Hawthorn, Virginia Hawthorn

JK Marlow    jkm211116_5002

November    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve