OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Castilleja coccinea   FAMILY Orobanchaceae


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Castilleja coccinea   FAMILY Scrophulariaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 166-28-001:
Castilleja coccinea   FAMILY Scrophulariaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Eastern Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Castilleja coccinea, Eastern Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_caco17_001_lvd

        

image of Castilleja coccinea, Eastern Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush

JK Marlow    jkm060429_198

April    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

image of Castilleja coccinea, Eastern Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush

JK Marlow    jkm060429_223

April    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

image of Castilleja coccinea, Eastern Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush

Ben Geer Keys    bgk288_a

May        

image of Castilleja coccinea, Eastern Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush

JK Marlow    jkm160503_199

May    Haywood-Jackson Counties    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

The tubular corollas are greenish-yellow, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Castilleja coccinea, Eastern Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush

JK Marlow    jkm160503_202

May    Haywood-Jackson Counties    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Usually a solitary unbranched hairy stem from a rosette of basal leaves, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Castilleja coccinea, Eastern Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush

JK Marlow    jkm160503_204

May    Haywood-Jackson Counties    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Castilleja coccinea, Eastern Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush

JK Marlow    jkm160503_222

May    Haywood-Jackson Counties    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Stem leaves often deeply and irregularly lobed, basal leaves mostly entire, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Castilleja coccinea, Eastern Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush

Keith Bradley    kab_c_coccinea_7880

May    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Castilleja coccinea, Eastern Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush

Keith Bradley    kab_c_coccinea_7888

May    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Castilleja coccinea, Eastern Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush

Kevin Adams    kcacastillejacoccinea_38

May        NC

Nantahala National Forest

Greenish-yellow flowers in terminal spikes subtended by red leaf-like bracts, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Castilleja coccinea, Eastern Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_castilleja_coccinea

May        

image of Castilleja coccinea, Eastern Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Indian Paintbrush

Tim Spira    tps_ccoccinea6

May        

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Castilleja coccinea   FAMILY Orobanchaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Castilleja coccinea   FAMILY Scrophulariaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 166-28-001:
Castilleja coccinea   FAMILY Scrophulariaceae

 

Search by scientific name:

288

Forb
Annual/Biennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon in NC Mtns & Piedmont, rare elsewhere in our area

Look for it in woodlands, fens, barrens, rock outcrops, meadows, wet pastures, grassy openings, usually over mafic rocks, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a more detailed map from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Herbarium,

or click here to see a map from SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.

 

full sun partial shade ...Wet ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Basal rosette & alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Red bracts, yellow corolla
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
4-lobed calyx, each side completely fused
4 included stamens (2 long, 2 short)
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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