Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


271

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in a wide variety of forests and woodlands, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Odd-pinnately compound: 3-7 leaflets (usually 5)
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Unisexual
Staminate calyx 2-3 lobed
Inferior ovary

Staminate flowers in elongate catkins

FRUIT:
Fall
Nut

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Carya glabra   FAMILY Juglandaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Carya glabra   FAMILY Juglandaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Flora of North America
Carya glabra

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 053-02-010:
Carya glabra   FAMILY Juglandaceae

INCLUDING Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950)
Carya ovalis var. hirsuta

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Hicoria austrina

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Hicoria glabra var. glabra

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Hicoria glabra var. hirsuta

 

COMMON NAME:
Pignut Hickory


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Carya glabra, Pignut Hickory

Ron Lance    jkm110219_651

        

Note variation in husk thickness & dehiscence, and nut shape, size & sweetness.

image of Carya glabra, Pignut Hickory

JK Marlow    jkm191222_2359_c_gabra

    Clay County    AL

Cheaha State Park

image of Carya glabra, Pignut Hickory

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_cagl8_004_lvd

        

image of Carya glabra, Pignut Hickory

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_higl_001_lvd

        

image of Carya glabra, Pignut Hickory

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_glabra_15

January        

Twigs moderately slender, reddish-brown, smooth, with pale lenticels, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Carya glabra, Pignut Hickory

JK Marlow    jkm140524_180

May    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Carya glabra, Pignut Hickory

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_glabra_silhouette_2

May    Harris County    GA

A tree to 70-80' tall, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Carya glabra, Pignut Hickory

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_glabra

June        

image of Carya glabra, Pignut Hickory

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_glabra_14

June        

Fruit rather pear-shaped, 1-1.25" long, often with a knoblike base, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Carya glabra, Pignut Hickory

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_carya_glabra_6

June        

image of Carya glabra, Pignut Hickory

JK Marlow    jkm0509j_09

September    Transylvania County    NC

Silver Run Preserve

image of Carya glabra, Pignut Hickory

JK Marlow    jkm0509j_34

September    Transylvania County    NC

Silver Run Preserve

Bark typically roughly furrowed, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Carya glabra, Pignut Hickory

JK Marlow    s050924_cd

September    Transylvania County    NC

Silver Run Preserve

image of Carya glabra, Pignut Hickory

JK Marlow    s081012_ab

October    Pickens County    SC

Clemson Forest

A variable species, leaves typically glabrous with 5 leaflets, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Carya glabra, Pignut Hickory

Ron Lance    jkm110219_644a

Month Unknown        

Pear-shaped fruit's thin husk doesn't split to the base, oft retaining nut, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Carya glabra, Pignut Hickory

Ron Lance    jkm110219_650a

Month Unknown        

The coastal plain's var. megacarpa has larger leaves & fruit, thicker husks, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.