Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


227

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in NC & GA Mountains, rare in SC

Look for it in cove forests, floodplains, other mesic forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Disc: Whitish/Greenish
Rays: Absent
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Dark brown/Blackish
Achene

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Asterales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Arnoglossum reniforme   FAMILY Asteraceae__

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Arnoglossum reniforme   FAMILY Asteraceae__

SYNONYMOUS WITH Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Arnoglossum muehlenbergii

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 179-18-003:
Cacalia muhlenbergii   FAMILY Asteraceae__

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Mesadenia reniformis

SYNONYMOUS WITH -
Arnoglossum muhlenbergii

 

COMMON NAME:
Great Indian Plantain


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Arnoglossum reniforme, Great Indian Plantain

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_mere5_001_lvd

        

image of Arnoglossum reniforme, Great Indian Plantain

JK Marlow    jkm120330_290

March    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Green grooved [ribbed] stems (vs. C. atriplicifolia's glaucous round stems), per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Arnoglossum reniforme, Great Indian Plantain

JK Marlow    jkm120330_299

March    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Leaves palmately veined, reniform, shallowly lobed, dentate, petiolate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Arnoglossum reniforme, Great Indian Plantain

Jeff Ausmus    jma_cacmuh

June    Monroe County    MI

In cultivation

Heads to 1/4" wide with 5 tubular disk florets, each with 5 tightly curled corolla lobes, per Wildflowers of the Atlantic Southeast.

image of Arnoglossum reniforme, Great Indian Plantain

Jeff Ausmus    jma_cacmuh3

June    Monroe County    MI

In cultivation

image of Arnoglossum reniforme, Great Indian Plantain

Jeff Ausmus    jma_cacmuh4

June    Monroe County    MI

In cultivation

image of Arnoglossum reniforme, Great Indian Plantain

JK Marlow    jkm0507o_27

July    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

The very large, reniform leaves are conspicuous in rich cove forests, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Arnoglossum reniforme, Great Indian Plantain

JK Marlow    jkm0507o_34

July    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Arnoglossum reniforme, Great Indian Plantain

JK Marlow    jkm090707_087

July    Avery County    NC

The Roan Highlands

Leaves green beneath [vs. glaucous in A. atriplicifolium], per Weakley's Flora (2015).

image of Arnoglossum reniforme, Great Indian Plantain

Jeff Ausmus    jma_cacmuh2

July    Monroe County    MI

In cultivation

image of Arnoglossum reniforme, Great Indian Plantain

Jeff Ausmus    jma_cacmuh5

July    Monroe County    MI

In cultivation