Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1430

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Mountains, uncommon in Piedmont (rare in GA)

Look for it in fields, forests, wetlands, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Wet ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Midstem leaves not 3-nerved

Leaves chiefly on the stem (basal & lower stem leaves either withering early or equal/smaller than middle & upper stem leaves)

Alternate (basal leaves absent or withered at flowering)

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Rays: Yellow
Disc: Yellow
Disc flowers bisexual & fertile/ Ray flowers pistillate & fertile
Inferior ovary

Flower heads in well-developed paniculate inflorescences

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Achene

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Asterales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Solidago rugosa var. rugosa   FAMILY Asteraceae

INCLUDING PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Solidago rugosa ssp. rugosa var. rugosa   FAMILY Asteraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Solidago rugosa ssp. rugosa var. rugosa

INCLUDING PLANTS National Database
Solidago rugosa ssp. rugosa var. villosa

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular flora of Illinois (Mohlenbrock, 2014)
Solidago rugosa

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 179-49-029a:
Solidago rugosa var. rugosa   FAMILY Asteraceae

INCLUDING Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950)
Solidago rugosa var. rugosa

INCLUDING Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950)
Solidago rugosa var. villosa

 

COMMON NAME:
Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Solidago rugosa var. rugosa, Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm200926_7358

September    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

A curving panicle of branchlets lined with yellow florets, per Gardening with the Native Plants of Tennessee.

image of Solidago rugosa var. rugosa, Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm200926_7359

September    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

Lf relatively thin, not very rugose, usually sharply serrate, apices acuminate, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Solidago rugosa var. rugosa, Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm200926_7363

September    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

image of Solidago rugosa var. rugosa, Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm200926_7366

September    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

Mid-stem leaves widest below the middle, per Weakley's Flora (2012).

image of Solidago rugosa var. rugosa, Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm200926_7367

September    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

image of Solidago rugosa var. rugosa, Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm200926_7368

September    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

Herbage sparsely to moderately relatively soft-hairy, per Flora of North America.

image of Solidago rugosa var. rugosa, Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm200926_7369

September    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

image of Solidago rugosa var. rugosa, Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm211012_4249

October    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Solidago rugosa var. rugosa, Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm211012_4253

October    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Solidago rugosa var. rugosa, Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm211012_4256

October    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

Stem pubescent with crinkly hairs throughout (occasionally glabrate below), per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Solidago rugosa var. rugosa, Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm181119_5929

November    McCormick County    SC

Parks Mill

Stems from elongated creeping rhizomes, per Weakley's Flora (2015).