Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1412

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in SC Piedmont & NC Coastal Plain)

Look for it in fields, roadsides, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Midstem leaves 3-nerved

Leaves chiefly on the stem (basal & lower stem leaves either withering early or equal/smaller than middle & upper stem leaves)

Alternate

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Rays: Yellow
Disc: Yellow
Disc flowers bisexual & fertile/ Ray flowers pistillate & fertile
Inferior ovary

Flower heads in well-developed paniculate inflorescences

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Achene

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Asterales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Solidago altissima var. altissima   FAMILY Asteraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Solidago altissima   FAMILY Asteraceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Flora of North America
Solidago altissima ssp. altissima

INCLUDED WITHIN Guide to the Vascular Plants of the Blue Ridge (Wofford, 1989)
Solidago canadensis

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 179-49-030:
Solidago altissima   FAMILY Asteraceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Solidago canadensis var. scabra

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Solidago hirsutissima

 

COMMON NAME:
Tall Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Solidago altissima var. altissima, Tall Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_soal6_001_lvd

        

image of Solidago altissima var. altissima, Tall Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm200623_5968

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Solidago altissima var. altissima, Tall Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm140831_133

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

S. altissima is the goldenrod that usually has mid-to-upper stem ball galls, per Asterae Lab: Classification and illustrations of goldenrods (J.C. Semple).

image of Solidago altissima var. altissima, Tall Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm140831_135

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Short hairs can give fresh plants a gray-green tone not seen in S. canadensis, per Flora of North America.

image of Solidago altissima var. altissima, Tall Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm140909_567

September    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Solidago altissima var. altissima, Tall Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm140909_571

September    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Solidago altissima var. altissima, Tall Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm140909_573

September    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Solidago altissima var. altissima, Tall Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm140909_574

September    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Mid-stem leaves entire to serrulate, per Weakley's Flora (2012).

image of Solidago altissima var. altissima, Tall Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm140909_578

September    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Distinguished by short-hairy pubescence on stems & leaves, upper lvs entire, per Asterae Lab: Classification and illustrations of goldenrods (J.C. Semple).

image of Solidago altissima var. altissima, Tall Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm140909_579

September    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Leaves moderately to densely pubescent across the lower surface, per Weakley's Flora (2012).

image of Solidago altissima var. altissima, Tall Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm140909_580

September    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Solidago altissima var. altissima, Tall Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm140917_802

September    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Upper stem leaves entire, thicker than the serrate upper lvs of S canadensis, per Asterae Lab: Classification and illustrations of goldenrods (J.C. Semple).

image of Solidago altissima var. altissima, Tall Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod

Tim Spira    tpssaltissima2

September        

Flowers in an erect, broad, pyramid-shaped panicle, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Solidago altissima var. altissima, Tall Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod

Gill Newberry    gn10_s_altissima

October        

This is the most common goldenrod of the Great Plains & e. North America, per Asterae Lab: Classification and illustrations of goldenrods (J.C. Semple).

image of Solidago altissima var. altissima, Tall Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm201002_7533

October    Pickens County    SC

Glassy Mountain Heritage Preserve

image of Solidago altissima var. altissima, Tall Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm211002_3995

October    Greenville County    SC

image of Solidago altissima var. altissima, Tall Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm211012_4216

October    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

Intermediates between var. altissima and var. pluricephala occur..., per Asterae Lab: Classification and illustrations of goldenrods (J.C. Semple).

image of Solidago altissima var. altissima, Tall Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod

JK Marlow    jkm211012_4217

October    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Solidago altissima var. altissima, Tall Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmsattissima_0

Month Unknown        

Stems are 0.8-2m tall from a creeping rhizome, forming colonies, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.