Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Malvids: Sapindales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
You may also want to check Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of North Carolina
Read more about Smooth Sumac at Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 110-01-008:
Rhus glabra FAMILY Anacardiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Smooth Sumac, Common Sumac
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
JK Marlow jkm110402_256
April Haywood County NC
Twigs are more than 1cm thick and glabrous, per Woody Plants of Kentucky and Tennessee (Jones & Wofford, 2013).
JK Marlow jkm110402_257
April Haywood County NC
Leaf scars nearly encircle the buds, per Woody Plants of Kentucky and Tennessee (Jones & Wofford, 2013).
COMPARE leaf scars of Sumac and Tree-of-heaven
JK Marlow jkm0305za_19
May Buncombe County NC
Botanical Gardens at Asheville
In southern Appalachians, leaves sometimes rolled and smoked to treat asthma, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont (Spira, 2011).
JK Marlow jkm0405x_33
May Greenville County SC
Leaflets glaucous beneath, per Trees of the Southeastern United States (Duncan & Duncan, 1988).
JK Marlow jkm0506g_05
June Pickens County SC
Stem glabrous, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968).
COMPARE stems of Sumac species
JK Marlow jkm200608_5797
June Greenville County SC
Lake Conestee Nature Park
Flowers similar to Winged Sumac except the panicles are usually larger, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide (Kirkman, Brown, & Leopold, 2007).
JK Marlow jkm160717_352
July Greenville County SC
Bunched Arrowhead Heritage Preserve
A shrub or small tree to 8m tall sometimes forming colonies of root sprouts, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide (Lance, 2004).
JK Marlow jkm0210m_22
October Henderson County NC
Terminal clusters of yellowish flowers form dense clumps of dark red fruit, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont (Spira, 2011).
JK Marlow jkm0510e_01
October Greenville County SC
Tall Pines Wildlife Management Area
Leaves with 15-19 sessile, serrate leaflets. Rachis not winged, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968).
COMPARE leaves of Sumac and Tree-of-heaven
Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Habitat: Disturbed areas, clearings, roadsides, woodlands, per Weakley's Flora
Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Common (uncommon in NC Coastal Plain, rare in GA & SC Coastal Plain)
CLICK HERE to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.
Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)
DOES THE PLANT HAVE "MILKY SAP"?
Has milky sap (latex)
Odd-pinnately compound: 15-19 leaflets
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!
- Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses (Miller & Miller, 2005) p376
- Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Wasowski & Wasowski, 1994, 2020) p071
- Gardening with the Native Plants of Tennessee (Hunter, 2002) p315
- Great Smoky Mountains Wildflowers (Campbell, Hutson, Sharp, & Hutson, 1962) p078
- Guide to the Wildflowers of SC (Porcher & Rayner, 2001) p390
- Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast (Foote & Jones, 1989) p086
- Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide (Kirkman, Brown, & Leopold, 2007) p066
- Newcomb's Wildflower Guide (Newcomb, 1977) p320
- Guide to the Plants of Granite Outcrops (Murdy & Carter, 2000) p71
- Field Guide to the Rare Plants of Georgia (Chafin, 2007) p299
- Trees of the Southeastern United States (Duncan & Duncan, 1988) p080
- Wild Flowers of NC, 2nd edition (Justice, Bell, & Lindsey, 2005) p141
- Field Guide to the Wildflowers of Georgia (Chafin, 2016) p022
- Wildflowers of Tennessee (Carman, 2005) p166
- Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge (Lance) p09
- Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont (Spira, 2011) p306
- Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide (Lance, 2004) p292
- Wildflowers of the Sandhills Region (Sorrie, 2011) p139
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