Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1101

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia - the original distribution obscure

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it on roadsides, in lawns, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Variable

LEAVES:
Simple
Basal

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Radially symmetrical
4 sepals
4-lobed corolla
4 well exserted stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule dehiscing circumscissily

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Plantago rugelii   FAMILY Plantaginaceae

INCLUDING PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Plantago rugelii var. rugelii   FAMILY Plantaginaceae

INCLUDING PLANTS National Database
Plantago rugelii var. asperula

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 172-01-003:
Plantago rugelii   FAMILY Plantaginaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
American Plantain, Broad-leaved Plantain, Blackseed Plantain, Red-stemmed Plantain


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Plantago rugelii, American Plantain, Broad-leaved Plantain, Blackseed Plantain, Red-stemmed Plantain

JK Marlow    jkm0307e_36

July    Greenville County    SC

Flowers in a dense spike, per Newcomb's Wildflower Guide.

image of Plantago rugelii, American Plantain, Broad-leaved Plantain, Blackseed Plantain, Red-stemmed Plantain

JK Marlow    jkm210710_2034

July    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

Leaves glabrous or essentially so, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Plantago rugelii, American Plantain, Broad-leaved Plantain, Blackseed Plantain, Red-stemmed Plantain

JK Marlow    jkm210710_2035

July    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

Sepals narrowly elliptic, 2-4× long as wide (vs. P. major ~1.5× long as wide), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Plantago rugelii, American Plantain, Broad-leaved Plantain, Blackseed Plantain, Red-stemmed Plantain

JK Marlow    jkm210710_2042

July    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

Well-developed leaves with 5-7 major veins, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Plantago rugelii, American Plantain, Broad-leaved Plantain, Blackseed Plantain, Red-stemmed Plantain

Gill Newberry    gn08_img_8839

August        

Capsule circumscissile [dehiscing along a transverse circular line like a lid], per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Plantago rugelii, American Plantain, Broad-leaved Plantain, Blackseed Plantain, Red-stemmed Plantain

Gill Newberry    gn08_p_rugelii_flowers

August        

image of Plantago rugelii, American Plantain, Broad-leaved Plantain, Blackseed Plantain, Red-stemmed Plantain

Gill Newberry    gn08_plantago_rugelii

August        

image of Plantago rugelii, American Plantain, Broad-leaved Plantain, Blackseed Plantain, Red-stemmed Plantain

JK Marlow    jkm120825_965

August    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

Lvs broadly ovate-elliptic, venation parallel, major veins separating at base, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Plantago rugelii, American Plantain, Broad-leaved Plantain, Blackseed Plantain, Red-stemmed Plantain

JK Marlow    jkm120825_986

August    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

image of Plantago rugelii, American Plantain, Broad-leaved Plantain, Blackseed Plantain, Red-stemmed Plantain

JK Marlow    jkm210807_2458

August    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

image of Plantago rugelii, American Plantain, Broad-leaved Plantain, Blackseed Plantain, Red-stemmed Plantain

JK Marlow    jkm210807_2459

August    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

Petioles usually purple at base, per Weakley's Flora (2020).