Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 12 taxa in the family Amaranthaceae, Pigweed family, as understood by PLANTS National Database.

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camera icon Common Name: Alligator-weed
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Alternanthera philoxeroides   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Alternanthera philoxeroides   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Alternanthera philoxeroides 066-01-002   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae

 

Look for it floating in mats on the surface of the waters of blackwater rivers, sloughs, ditches, ponds, and in very moist soils of ditches & shores

Common. A serious weed of natural areas

Non-native: Tropical America

 


need drawing of Alternanthera sessilis, Sessile Joyweed need picture of Alternanthera sessilis, Sessile Joyweed need picture Alternanthera sessilis, Sessile Joyweed need picture of Alternanthera sessilis, Sessile Joyweed need picture of Alternanthera sessilis, Sessile Joyweed
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camera icon Common Name: Sessile Joyweed
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Alternanthera sessilis   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Alternanthera sessilis   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed wet muck

Rare in GA & SC

Non-native: Tropics

 


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camera icon Common Name: Japanese Chaff-flower
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Achyranthes japonica var. hachijoensis   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Achyranthes japonica var. hachijoensis   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae

 

Look for it in bottomland forests, disturbed areas

Rare in GA, now acting as a serious invasive species

Non-native: east Asia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Smooth Pigweed, Smooth Amaranth, Green Amaranth, Hybrid Amaranth
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Amaranthus hybridus   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Amaranthus hybridus   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Amaranthus hybridus 066-03-002   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Common

Native distribution uncertain, but apparently native to eastern US

 


drawing of Amaranthus palmeri, Careless-weed, Palmer's Amaranth need picture of Amaranthus palmeri, Careless-weed, Palmer's Amaranth need picture Amaranthus palmeri, Careless-weed, Palmer's Amaranth need picture of Amaranthus palmeri, Careless-weed, Palmer's Amaranth need picture of Amaranthus palmeri, Careless-weed, Palmer's Amaranth
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Common Name: Careless-weed, Palmer's Amaranth
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Amaranthus palmeri   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Amaranthus palmeri   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Amaranthus palmeri 066-03-004   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Rare

Native south and west of the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Spiny Amaranth
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Amaranthus spinosus   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Amaranthus spinosus   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Amaranthus spinosus 066-03-006   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae

 

Look for it in fields, gardens, roadsides, barnyards, pastures

Common

Non-native: Tropical America

 


drawing of Amaranthus pumilus, Seabeach Amaranth, Dwarf Amaranth need picture of Amaranthus pumilus, Seabeach Amaranth, Dwarf Amaranth need picture Amaranthus pumilus, Seabeach Amaranth, Dwarf Amaranth need picture of Amaranthus pumilus, Seabeach Amaranth, Dwarf Amaranth need picture of Amaranthus pumilus, Seabeach Amaranth, Dwarf Amaranth
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speaker icon Common Name: Seabeach Amaranth, Dwarf Amaranth
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Amaranthus pumilus   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Amaranthus pumilus   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Amaranthus pumilus 066-03-009   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae

 

Look for it on sea beaches, fore-dunes, island end flats, rarely on sound-side beaches

Rare

Native to the Carolinas

 


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camera icon Common Name: Southern Water-hemp, Southern Amaranth, Careless
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Amaranthus australis   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Amaranthus australis   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae

 

Look for it in tidal marshes, ditches, disturbed areas

Rare

Native to Georgia (perhaps) and southward into South America (introduced in NC)

 


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camera icon Common Name: Tropical Amaranth, Smartweed Amaranth
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Amaranthus polygonoides   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Amaranthus polygonoides   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Waif(s)

Non-native: tropical America

 


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camera icon Common Name: Florida Cottonweed, Florida Cottonseed
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Froelichia floridana   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Froelichia floridana var. floridana   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Froelichia floridana 066-05-001   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae

 

Look for it in sandhills, sandy fields, sandy roadsides

Common (rare in NC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Slender Cottonweed
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Froelichia gracilis   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Froelichia gracilis   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Froelichia gracilis 066-05-002   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae

 

Look for it in vacant lots, sandy fields, railroad banks

Rare in GA-NC-SC

Native: Midwest US

 


drawing of Froelichia campestris, Plains Cottonseed need picture of Froelichia campestris, Plains Cottonseed need picture Froelichia campestris, Plains Cottonseed need picture of Froelichia campestris, Plains Cottonseed need picture of Froelichia campestris, Plains Cottonseed
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Common Name: Plains Cottonseed
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Froelichia campestris   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Froelichia floridana var. campestris   FAMILY: Amaranthaceae

 

Look for it in sandy fields, other disturbed areas

Rare

Native: central & western US

 


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